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12 Interesting Facts About Tanzania

12 Interesting Facts About Tanzania
Tanzania or officially, The United Republic of Tanzania or in Swahili “Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania”, is East Africa country within the African Great Lakes region. Tanzania has land borders with eight countries which are Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique. The country borders Uganda to the north and Kenya to the northeast. Also it borders Comoro Islands and the Indian Ocean to the east, Mozambique and Malawi to the south. Another border is in Zambia to the southwest as well as Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. 

Fact 1: Tanzania is the Union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.

The name Tanzania was created after the union of two countries Tanganyika and Zanzibar. Where by “Tan” is Tanganyika and “Zan” is Zanzibar together with the suffix, “ia” all together form Tanzania. 

On the other hand the name “Tanganyika” is derived from two Swahili words tanga and nyika, where by tanga means sail and nyika means uninhabited plain or wilderness. Then two words creating the phrase “sail in the wilderness” or Tanganyika.

Fact 2: Tanganyika Became Independent on December 9, 1961

Tanganyika gained her independence on Dec. 9, 1961 from British, and became a republic one year later on 1962. Mwl Julius Nyerere was elected prime minister after Tanganyika become independent country in 1961 and become president in 1962 under the country’s new republican constitution.

Fact 3: The First President of Tanzania was Julius Kambarage Nyerere (1922-1999)

Julius Kambarage Nyerere (1922-1999) or Mwalimu Nyerere was the first president in Tanzania since 1964 to 1985. Mwl Nyerere was born on March 1922 at Butiama and died on October 14, 1999, London, England. He know as “the father of a nation” since he was the first prime minister of independent Tanganyika (1961), who later became the first president of the new state of Tanzania.

Fact 4: The Population of Tanzania in 2020 is 60,000,000+

According to Worldometer the current population of the United Republic of Tanzania is 60,101,079. This data is as of Tuesday, September 22, 2020 from Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. 

Fact 5: Education System in operates on the 7-4-2-3 system

The Tanzanian educational system operates on the system of 7-4-2-3. This means that, 7 years of primary school, then 4 years of secondary school (Ordinary Level) followed by 2 years of Advanced Level leading to 2 years of university degree. While the national language in Tanzania is Swahili, English is taught, along with Swahili, Math and Science, in Primary Schools.

Fact 6: Life Expectancy is 65.46 years

The current life expectancy for Tanzania in 2020 is 65.46 years, a 0.48% increase from 2019.

Fact 7: Swahili is the Official Language

Swahili is an official language of Tanzania. The Swahili language, is basically of Bantu (African) origin. Swahili is the most widely spoken language in sub-Saharan Africa, and acts as the common tongue for most East Africans

Fact 8: Number of National Parks is 16

Tanzania has 16 National Parks an all 16 national parks together comprise an area of more than 42,000 square kilometers. They are administered by the Tanzania National Parks Authority (TANAPA). Parks like Arusha and Serengeti are well known, partly due to films about African wildlife.

Fact 9: The Tallest Mountain in Africa is in Kilimanjaro Region 

Mount Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain on the African continent and the highest free-standing mountain in the world. Kilimanjaro has three volcanic cones, Mawenzi, Shira and Kibo. Mawenzi and Shira are extinct but Kibo, the highest peak, is dormant and could erupt again.

Fact 10: The Size of a Country is 947,303 Square Kilometers

At 947,303 square kilometers (365,756 sq mi), Tanzania is the 13th largest country in Africa and the 31st largest in the world, ranked between the larger Egypt and smaller Nigeria.

Fact 11: Popular Foods is Wali and Ugali

Some typical mainland Tanzanian foods include wali (rice), ugali (maize porridge), nyama choma (grilled meat), mshikaki (marinated beef), samaki (fish), pilau (rice mixed with a variety of spices), biriyani, and ndizi-nyama (plantains with meat).

Fact 12: Has Largest Number of Lions in Africa 

According to Allafrica, report says Tanzania Has Largest Number of Lions in Africa. The country has the largest number of lions compared to other African countries.

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Ainea Grubber, a Tanzania-based blogger and writer, he is now a teacher teaching computer studies for secondary schools across the country. A graduate of University' of Dodoma, he's a lover of all things about technology, culture and amazing facts.

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